He dug from 1930 to 1936 and promptly published his findings in a series of preliminary reports. He also excavated a residential area on the southeast slope of the mound which he believed was part of the city fortified by the double wall.
Although the Second World War prevented Garstang from publishing a final report on his work, after the war, in collaboration with his son, he published a popular account that summarized his final views on Jericho. He designated this "City IV." It had been thoroughly destroyed in a violent conflagration.
Above the rampart on top of the tell was a mudbrick wall which served as Jericho’s city wall proper.
The approximate line of this wall is indicated by the dashed line. This destruction, she concluded, was far too early to ascribe to the Israelites.
A Neolithic settlement at the site goes back to about 8000 B. E.,* thus giving Jericho the distinction of being the world’s oldest city.
At 670 feet below sea level, it is also the lowest city in the world. From Jericho one has access to the heartland of Canaan.
Because of its importance in Biblical history, Jericho was the second site in the Holy Land, Jerusalem being the first, to feel the excavators’ picks.
The first documented excavation was undertaken in 18 by the famous British engineer Charles Warren.
He ascribed the destruction to invading Israelites.In the 1930s, British archaeologist John Garstang excavated a residential area, marked "A," just west of the perennial spring that supplied the city’s water and which now fills the modern reservoir. Kathleen Kenyon, Garstang’s successor at Jericho, excavated the area marked "B," Her conclusions dated Jericho’s destruction to about 1550 B. By the time the Israelites appeared on the scene, she argued, there was no walled city at Jericho.(A significant portion of the tell was destroyed to make way for the modern road.) Signs of a fiery destruction and his dating of the remains led Garstang to conclude that the Israelites had indeed put the city to the torch about 1400 B. Garstang was the first investigator to use modern methods at the site, although his work was still crude by today’s standards.For example, they traced the Middle Bronze revetment wall around three-quarters of the base of the tell, although at the time they did not fully understand the complexities of the Middle Bronze fortification system.It was only when Kathleen Kenyon excavated the site in the 1950s that the nature of the revetment wall was clarified, as we will soon see. E.), the time when the Israelites first appeared in Canaan.